1. Definition of Child and Vulnerable Adult
This section was reviewed and updated in November 2011 when the definition of ‘Vulnerable Adult’ was revised.
The Ashfield District Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Policy and Procedures Manual should be read in conjunction with:
The Inter-Agency Safeguarding Children Procedures issued jointly by Nottingham City Safeguarding Children Board (NCSCB) and Nottinghamshire Safeguarding Children Board (NSCB) and the government guidance document, Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010; and
- The Nottingham and Nottinghamshire Safeguarding Adults Policy, Procedures and Guidance (which can be accessed in short form or long form as a pdf document or in a web-based format at the Nottinghamshire County Council website) and No secrets: guidance on developing and implementing multi-agency policies and procedures to protect Vulnerable Adults from abuse (DoH, 2000).
Definition of Child
The policy and procedures apply to all children and young people up to the age of 18 years, including unborn babies, who live permanently in the Ashfield District of Nottinghamshire or are temporarily resident here. Within the document the terms “children” or “child” refer to all children and young people up to the age of 18 years.
The fact that a child has become sixteen years of age, is living independently or is in further education, is in the armed forces, in hospital, or in prison or a young offender’s institution, does not change their status or their entitlement to services or their protection under the Children Act 1989.
When a young person reaches the age of 18 the responsibility for their well being may transfer to adult service providers. Although they cease to be subject of the Safeguarding Children Procedures, some adults may continue to be vulnerable.
A “vulnerable adult” is defined as any person aged 18 years and over who is or may be in need of community care services by reason of mental health issues, learning or physical disability, sensory impairment, age or illness and who is or may be unable to take care of him/herself or unable to protect him/herself against significant harm or serious exploitation.
Since the publication of ADSS Best Practice Document: ‘Safeguarding Adults’ (2005), the range of people considered to be vulnerable has been widened to include, people encountering domestic violence, substance misusers and asylum seekers.